Home Grown

Tips and resources for farmers and gardeners

A Glossary of Gardens

Arboretum: A place where an extensive variety of trees are cultivated for scientific educa­tional, or ornamental purposes

Botanical Garden
: A place where a wide variety of plants are cultivated for scientific, educational, or ornamental purposes.

Butterfly Garden: A garden in which flowers are specially chosen to attract butterflies.

Classical Garden
: A formal garden whose aesthetic attitudes and values are embodied in ancient Greek and Roman design.

Colonial Garden
: A garden designed or reconstructed in the colonial American style, with separate sections for flowers, fruit trees, vegetables, herbs, and various outbuildings.

Conservatory: A greenhouse in which plants are arranged for aesthetic display and in care­fully controlled climatic con­ditions.

Cottage Garden
: A small, un­pretentious garden featuring flowers and vegetables in a casual arrangement.

Cup Garden
: A garden in ancient Chinese tradition, in which a central object is framed by its surroundings.

Demonstration Garden: A garden whose purpose is horticultural education.

English Garden
: A naturalistic garden style first developed in 18th century England, as compared with the more formal French style..

Formal Garden
: A garden in which nature is trained to adhere to geometric or other formal deco­rative principles

Garden Rooms: Individual, self­contained, and separately designed sections of a larger garden.

Italianate Garden
: A garden in the Italian style, often featuring classical elements, statuary, and fountains.

Knot Garden: Elaborate planting of greenery, usually thyme or box, following the patterns of knots.

Colonial Garden by Jacque Alameddine
Colonial Garden by Jacque Alameddine

Maze: A garden labyrinth: an intricate, deliberately con­ fusing, patterned network of hedges and pathways, designed to entertain.

Naturalistic Garden
: A garden in which the design attempts to imitate nature in its free form rather than to impose form upon it.

: An ornamental flower garden whose beds and paths form a pattern.

Pleasure Garden: A garden such as a flower garden or park, designed purely for enjoyment.

Rock Garden
: A garden in which rocks and plants are arranged in a carefully designed, decorative scheme, often featuring alpine plants.

Shade Garden
: A garden featuring plants that grow best in shaded areas.

Pleasure Gardens at Montmartre, 1886 by Vincent Van Gogh

Topiary Garden: A garden in which live trees and shrubs are clipped into fanciful shapes.

Water Garden
: A garden in which ponds, streams, and other water elements, as well as plants that grow at water sites, are an inte­gral part of the overall design.

Wildflower Garden
: Usually a pre­serve, in which flowering plants grow in a natural, uncultivated state.

Winter Garden
: A conservatory or other indoor garden that can be enjoyed all year.

Zen Garden
: A garden in the Japanese tradition, designed for beauty and contemplation.

Adapted from Gardenwalks in New England

Gardenwalks in New England
Gardenwalks in New England

The Encyclopedia of House Plants
The Encyclopedia of House Plants

Home and Garden Center
Home and Garden Center

Purple Queen Bougainvillea
Purple Queen Bougainvillea

Blue Satin Hibiscus Rose of Sharon
Blue Satin Hibiscus Rose of Sharon

Organic Potting Soil
Organic Potting Soil

Organic Fertilizer
Organic Fertilizer

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