Day is the first day of a new
year, celebrated by all
cultures that measure time by annual calendars.
first day of the year on the
Gregorian calendar, used by most countries, is the first day of
In the Eastern Orthodox Church, which still follows the Julian
calendar, the New Year falls on January 14. In countries
where Eastern Orthodoxy predominates, both Gregorian and
Julian New Year holidays may be celebrated, with January 1 celebrated
as a civic holiday and January 14 celebrated as "Old
New Year", a religious holiday. Eastern
churches of Georgia, Jerusalem, Russia, the
Republic of Macedonia and Serbia still use the Julian Calendar.
Also known as the Lunar New Year, the Chinese New Year
occurs on the new moon of the first lunar month, about four to
eight weeks before spring. The date on the Gregorian Calendar
can fall anytime between January 21 and February 21. Each year is
symbolized by one of 12 animals and one of five elements, with the
combination of animals and elements cycling every 60 years. It is the
most important Chinese celebration of the year.
After more than 400 years, it may be time to turn the page on the
Using computer programs and mathematical formulas, astrophysicist
Richard Conn Henry and economist Steve H. Hanke at The Johns Hopkins
University have created a new calendar in which each new 12-month
period is identical to the one which came before, and remains
that way from one year to the next in perpetuity.
On the calendar they have developed, Christmas and New Years would
occur on Sundays every year, as they were in 2011.
Continued Out There
Year's Charm: Daruma Dolls
Daruma dolls are traditional New Year's charms popular
throughout Japan, highly regarded as a talisman of good luck.
porcelain, cold cast resin or papier-mache, the dolls are
typically red and depict a bearded man (Dharma) with the eyes
unpainted. Recipients of these dolls paint in one pupil
a wish, and the other when it comes true.
Reputedly modeled after the 5th-century monk Bodhidharma, the
of the Zen sect of Buddhism, Daruma dolls were first made at the
Shorinzan Darumaji temple in the mid-18th century as a figure to
petition with one's wish.
New Year's Eve