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Holocaust Remembrance Day

January 27

This day of remembrancee marks  the date, in 1945, when the largest Nazi death camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau, was liberated by Soviet troops.


The Holocaust was a genocide that resulted in the annihilation of 6 million Jews, 2 million Gypsies (Roma and Sinti), 15,000 homosexual people and millions of others by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.

An International Holocaust Remembrance Day was designated by a United Nations General Assembly resolution in 2005 following a special session that  marked the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camps and the end of the Holocaust.

Holocaust Remembrance Day is a national event in the United Kingdom and Italy.

Yom HaShoah

The nationl memorial day for the holocaust in Israel is known as Yom HaShoah and is held held on the 27th of Nisan (April/May), unless the 27th would be adjacent to Shabbat, in which case the date is shifted by a day.

In 2016, it begins the evening of May 4 and ends the evening of May 5.  The memorial day was inaugurated in 1953, anchored by a law signed by the Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion and the President of Israel Yitzhak Ben-Zvi.

Most Jewish communities hold a solemn ceremony on this day, but there is no institutionalized ritual observed by all Jews. Lighting memorial candles and reciting the Kaddish—the prayer for the departed—are most common.
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