the 13th in
There are two Friday the 13th dates on the 2017 calendar. The first
occurs in January, the second in October.
the 13th in
According to folklorists, there is no mention of a "Friday the
13th" superstition before the 19th century. The earliest documented
reference in English occurs in Henry Sutherland Edwards' 1869 biography
of Gioachino Rossini, who died on a Friday the 13th and regarded
Fridays as an unlucky day and 13 as an unlucky number. This corresponds
to one theory about the
origin of the
Friday the 13th superstition:
it is a
modern amalgamation of two older beliefs that thirteen is an unlucky
number and that Friday is an unlucky day.
In numerology, the number twelve is considered the number of divine
organizational arrangement or chronological completeness, as reflected
in the twelve months of the year, twelve hours of the clock day, twelve
gods of Olympus, twelve tribes of Israel, twelve Apostles of Jesus, the
12 successors of Muhammad in Shia Islam, twelve signs of the Zodiac,
etc., whereas the number thirteen was considered irregular,
transgressing this completeness.
On a Friday the 13th in October, 1307, King Philip IV of France raided
the homes of the Knights Templar, who were warrior monks during the
Crusades, imprisoning several thousand men on charges of illegal
activities. None of these charges were proven, but hundreds suffered
torture intended to force confessions, and more than a hundred died.
On a Friday the 13th in March 1314, the last known Grand Master of the
Knights Templar - Jacques de Molay - was burned to
death on a slow fire outside Notre Dame.
On a Friday the 13th in April, 1866, the notorious American train and
bank robber Butch Cassidy was born.
On a Friday the 13th in September, 1940, Buckingham Palace is
hit by five German bombs, nearly killing both King George VI and the
future queen, Elizabeth.
On a Friday the 13th in July, 1951, The Great Flood killed 24
people, destroyed more than 2 million acres of land in Kansas and
caused $760 million in damage.
On a Friday the 13th in November, 1970 , a huge South Asian storm
killed an estimated 300,000 people in Chittagong, Bangladesh, and
created floods that killed as many as 1 million in the Ganges delta
On a Friday the 13th in October, 1972, a Uruguayan rugby
team’s plane crashed in the Andes mountain range.
a Friday the 13th in January,
38th vice president of the United
Humphrey, , passsed away
a Friday the
13th in January, 1989,
the "Friday the
13th virus" infected hundreds of IBM computers across
the 13th Superstitions
has it if 13 people sit down
one will die within the year. In France, diners can hire a quatorzieme,
or professional 14th guest.
is said to be the day when
tempted Adam with
the forbidden fruit, Abel was killed by Cain and Jesus Christ was
Ancient Christians may have started associating the number 13 with evil
shenanigans when Judas — the disciple who sold Jesus out to
Pontius Pilate — showed up late to the Last Supper to take a
seat. The 12 others were already sitting. The crucifixion of Jesus was
held shortly thereafter, on what's now become Good Friday.
cities do not have a 13th
Many buildings don't have a 13th floor.
Most airports skip having a 13th gate and airplanes a 13th row.
Many hospitals do not have a room number 13.
If you have 13 letters in your name, you have the devil's luck -
Jack the Ripper, Charles Manson, Jeffrey Dahmer and Theodore Bundy all
have 13 letters in their names.
are 13 twists of the rope in a traditional hangman's noose and 13 steps
leading up to the gallows.
In Formula 1 racing, there is no car with the number 13. The number
has been removed after two drivers were killed in crashes, both driving
cars numbered 13.
An urban myth states the Brittish Royal Navy tried to dispel the
superstition that sailing on Friday was bad luck. They built a ship
named HMS Friday. On its maiden voyage, the vessel left dock on a
Friday the 13th, and was never heard from again.
In Nordic mythology, a
dozen Norse gods were
the gilded halls
of Valhalla, but Loki - the
trickster god of mischief - was not invited and consequently crashed
the party as the 13th guest.
Loki put a
major damper on the fun by tricking the blind god Höðr
shooting the beloved and nearly invincible god Baldr through the heart
with an arrow fashioned from his one weakness: Mistletoe.
(Incidentally, the story also explains why we kiss under the stuff come
Christmastime. Gods are weird.)
A record screeched, Loki had a chuckle, and the rest of the Norse gods
entered a long period of mourning. Dark times.
ill-fated Apollo 13 launched at 13:13
CST on April 11, 1970. The sum
of the date's digits (4-11-70) is 13 (as in 4+1+1+7+0 = 13). And the
explosion that crippled the spacecraft occurred on April 13 (not a
Friday). The crew did make it back to Earth safely, however.
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the 13th Superstition
A collection of Old Time radio
of Almourol on the Tagus River in Portugal, once held by the Knights
Encyclopedia of Superstitions