is a five-day Hindu festival which occurs on the fifteenth day of
Kartika. Celebrated as the day when Lord Rama returned home after 14
year exile, it is a jubilant festival. Diwali means "rows of
lighted lamps" and the celebration is often referred to as the Festival
of Lights. The lamps are a symbolic representation of the lifting of
Hundreds of small oil lamps can be seen burning in Hindu communities
during Diwali. They are placed around the home, in courtyards and
gardens. The more lamps, the more likely Lakshimi (the Hindu
goddess of wealthand prosperity) will be tempted to visit.
Also a significant holiday in Sikhism and Jainism, Diwali is observed
by over 850 million people from Guyana and the West Indies to the
United Kingdom and Kenya, celebrating the triumph of good over evil.
marks the beginning of the Hindu New Year. It is considered a
propitious time for shopping, starting new ventures, making business
deals and house warming.
doorways are often illuminated and decorated
or traditional patterns to welcome the goddess of wealth, Lakshmi.
Five Days of Diwali
Dhan means "wealth" and Teras means "13th day". Thus, as the name
implies, this day falls on the 13th day of the second half of the Hindu
lunar month. It is an auspicious day for shopping of gold and silver
ornaments, idols and coins and god yantras.
the 14th day of
the second half of the Hindu lunar month, the day on
which demon Narakasura was killed. It signifies the victory of good
over evil and light over darkness.
The actual day of Diwali is celebrated on the third day of the
festival, when the moon completely wanes and total darkness sets in the
night sky. Laxmi puja (rituals) occur on this day.
business places their accounting books in front of Laxmi, the
goddess of wealth and prosperity, and
offer pujas for the well being of the business.
The 4th day of Diwali is Govardhan Puja, celebrated as the day
Krishna defeated Indra. In some celebrations, a mountain of food is
decorated symbolizing Govardhan Mountain lifted by Lord Krishna. In
some villages, people worship the holy cows by smearing vermillion and
sandal wood paste on their foreheads and offering special prayers for
The 5th and last day of Diwali is marked by sisters offering
prayers for the general wellbeing of their brothers. Gifts are
exchanged, expressing brotherly feelings of love and affection.
Hand Crafted Soapstone T-Light Holder with
Cotton Tapestry Depicting Lord Krishna Lifting Govardhan
Krishna and Narakasura