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Children's DayInternational Children's Day ~ Tango no Sekku ~ Palestinian Children's Day ~ International Day of the African Child ~ TRT International April 23 Children's Festival ~ Universal Children's Day
International Children's Day Poster
Children's Day is recognized on various days in many nations to call attention to children's issues. The World Conference for the Well-being of Children in Geneva, Switzerland, proclaimed June 1 to be International Children's Day in 1925. Many countries followed its lead, but others have selected their own days to honor children.
Japanese Children's Day
Designated a national holiday by the Japanese government in 1948, Children's Day is a day set aside to respect children's personalities and to celebrate their happiness. It takes place annually on May 5, the fifth day of the fifth month.
Prior to Children's Day, many Japanese families raise carp-shaped koinobori flags over their homes. The carp comes from a Chinese legend in which a carp swims upstream becomes a dragon. The carp subsequently represent strength and success in life. When the flags blow in the wind they appear to be swimming.
While most koinobori are flown from flagpoles, children sometimes carry smaller versions at the end of short sticks
Around the World
Children's Days are recognized around the world, honoring and celebrating childhood.
International Day of the African Child occurs on June 16. Initiated by the Organisation of African Unity in 1991, it honors those who participated in the Soweto Uprising in 1976 on that day and raises awareness of the continuing need for improvement of the education provided to African children.
Palestinian Children's Day, on April 5, calls attention to the treatment of Palestinian children by occupying Israeli authorities.
Turkey observes Children's Day on April 23 each year, the same day it celebrates National Sovereignty established in 1920. It is a national holiday, with schools closed and festivities planned. The annual TRT International April 23 Children's Festival organized by the kids channel of the state-run TRT television, attracts hundreds of children from dozens of countries to attend the celebrations and perform their countries’ traditional dances at parades and a gala event.
Universal Children's Day, observed on 20 November, was first proclaimed by the United Kingdom in 1954, to encourage actions to benefit and promote the welfare of the world's children. On this day in 1959, the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and, in 1989, the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This is a day to both celebrate children for who they are and to bring awareness to children around the globe succumbing to violence in forms of abuse, exploitation and discrimination.
Tunisia established Children's Day as a holiday on 11 January in 1995. It is a day in which Tunisians observe the rights of children and remind themselves that children are the future builders and developers of the country and the world.
When Young South Africans Shook the World
Making Peg Dolls
Turkish Peasants (1909)