1st Monday in March
local holiday is officially observed in Chicago, Illinois on the first
Monday of every March in memory of
Casimir Pulaski, a Revolutionary War
cavalry officer praised for his contributions to the U.S.
military and commonly known as "the father of the American cavalry."
observance, General Pulaski Memorial Day, commemorates
Pulaski's death from wounds suffered at the Siege of Savannah on
October 9, 1779.
Born in Poland as Kazimierz Pułaski, he became interested in politics
at an early age and was involved in the military and the revolutionary
affairs in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. As a leading
military commander for the Bar Confederation, he fought against Russian
domination of the Commonwealth. When the uprising failed, he was driven
into exile and, following a recommendation by Benjamin Franklin,
emigrated to North America to help in the American Revolutionary War.
He distinguished himself in the revolution, most notably when he saved
the life of George Washington.
In 2009, President Barack Obama signed a joint resolution of the U.S.
Senate and House of Representatives making Pulaski an honorary American
citizen, 230 years after his death. He is one of eight people to be
granted honorary United States citizenship.
Illinois enacted a law in 1977 creating
Casimir Pulaski Day
to celebrate the birthday of Casimir Pulaski. Cook County government
offices, the Chicago Public Library, and statewide public and private
schools are closed on this holiday. Banks in Illinois
may close for the holiday. Official
commemorations take place at the Polish Museum of America
where city and state officials congregate to pay tribute to
Chicago's Polish Community.
Wisconsin public schools also observe Casimir Pulaski Day, although
they do not close for it. Buffalo, New York acknowledges
a Pulaski Day
in the middle of July and celebrates with a parade. Grand Rapids,
Michigan hosts a "Pulaski Days" celebration on the first full
of October in recognition of General Pulaski and Polish culture.
Refurbishing of Equestrian Statue,Polish
Count Casimir Pulaski,Washington,DC
Casimir Pulaski from the Great Generals
series for Allen & Ginter cigarettes
Soldier On Horseback
Soldier Of Liberty