as it may seem, bread is not a "natural" food, notes food
Montanari. It is a product of human ingenuity and technology,
an alimentary achievement comparable to constructing the wheel or
"Bread is a truly great invention, whose secret is only known to
man and to no other living creature. For this reason ancient
Mediterranean societies viewed bread as a symbol not only of
civilization but of the very identity of man, who distinguishes himself
from other animals in that he knows how to construct his own food."
||Types of Bread
Bread is usually made from a wheat-flour dough cultured with yeast,
allowed to rise, and baked in an oven.
Common wheat, or "bread wheat," is the most common grain used for
making bread. Rich in gluten, its dough has more sponginess and
elasticity than other grains.
Bread is also made from flour of other wheat species (durum, spelt and
emmer) as well as rye, barley, maize, and oats.
(Dinkelbrot) is especially popular in Germany. Emmer bread was
a staple in ancient Egypt. Rye bread is
higher in fiber than most breads and is often darker in color and
stronger in flavor. It is popular in Scandinavia, Germany, Finland, the
Baltic States, and Russia.
is made of flour containing only the central core of the grain
bread is made with endosperm and 10% bran. Wheat bread is
usually white bread with added colouring.
bread -- "whole-grain" or "whole-wheat bread"-- contains the
whole of the wheat grain (endosperm, bran, and germ).
bread has added wheat germ for flavoring.
bread refers to wholemeal bread, or to white bread with added
whole grains to increase its fibre content.
a whole-wheat-based bread eaten in South Asia. Chapatti is a
larger variant of roti. Naan
is a leavened equivalent to both.
bread refers to breads made from flaked wheat grains and white
or brown flour with a malting process that maximizes the sugar content.
bread or matzo, used for the Jewish feast of Passover, does not
include yeast, so it does not rise.
bread is made with a starter.
is often simple, made with flour, water, and salt, and then formed into
flattened dough; most are unleavened, made without yeast or sourdough
culture, though some are made with yeast.
is a heavy, nutritious bread high in protein and essential fatty acids.
Hemp flour is a by-product made by pressing the oil from hemp seeds and
milling the residue. It doesn't rise and is usually mixed with other
is a flat and dry bread or cracker containing mostly rye flour.