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Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Attracting Birds

Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Attracting Birds 
by Richard M. Degraaf
University Press of New England, 2002

Gardeners and landowners who enjoy the sight and sounds of wild birds can rely on this comprehensive reference, recently revised and updated in a second edition, when selecting plantings that will provide nesting, food and cover for winged creatures.

Authoritatively researched and authored by Richard Degraaf, leader of the U.S. Wildlife Habitat Research Unit in Amherst, Massachusetts, the book describes more than 160 species of woody plants and details what species of birds they attract and why.

The plant descriptions are divided into three sections -- trees, shrubs, and vines -- and listed alphabetically by genus. Each description includes details on range, flowering and fruiting periods, landscape values, site requirements and propogation methods. 

The new edition includes new photographs of many species, information on invasive exotic plants, a bird-plant preference index, and detailed drawings of branches, leaves and berries for identification.

Originally published in 1979, this reference was the first to provide useful information on the value of woody plants and their values as bird habitat. After being out of print for several years, the new edition should be warmly welcomed.

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Eastern Hemlock
Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.

Description. Eastern hemlock is probably our most tolerant tree -- it grows in very dense shade. When young, it is a handsome tree with graceful, feathery branches. It is preferred nest site of the robin, blue jay, and wood thrush, along others. The see is eaten by red crossbills, white-winged crossbills, chickadees, pine siskins, and goldfinches.

Birds That Use 
Eastern Hemlock

Red-shouldered Hawk
Ruffed Grouse
Mourning Dove
Northern Flicker
Blue Jay
Black-capped Chickadee
Boreal Chickadee
Gray Catbird
Brown Thrasher
American Robin
Wood Thrush
Hermit Thrush
Magnolia Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler
Bay-breasted Warbler
Common Grackle
Pine Siskin
American Goldfinch
Red Crossbill
White-winged Crossbill
Dark-eyed Junco
White-throated Sparrow
Fox Sparrow
Song Sparrow

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The New Stokes Field Guide to Birds
The New Stokes Field Guide to Birds

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